By Heiko Haumann
The origins and lifetime of East eu Jewry took on new old and political value after the Holocaust. In Poland on my own ninety nine in step with cent of Polish Jews 3 million in all have been killed; Yiddish as a spoken language roughly disappeared. This quantity offers a heritage of East ecu Jewry from its beginnings to the interval after the Holocaust. It supplies an outline of the demographic, political, socioeconomic, non secular and cultural stipulations of Jewish groups in Poland, Russia, Bohemia and Moravia.Interesting topics contain the tale of early settlers, the 'Golden Age', the impact of the Kabbalah and Hasidism. vibrant pix of Jewish relations existence and non secular customs make the booklet relaxing to learn.
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Extra info for A History of East European Jews
The Shabtaian teaching was disseminated primarily by Nathan. His point of departure was the Lurian Kabbala, particularly its ideas on creation. The Messiah takes it upon himself through eternal sufferings to restore to the earth its original harmony. He surrenders to evil in order to overcome it from within, that is, 48 A HISTORY OF EAST EUROPEAN JEWS insofar as he himself is 'impure' he is able to purify the impure. As a result, he is not under the authority of the Torah and he can do what is forbidden.
It was his task, in his chronicle Yavein metsula ('Deep swamp'), published in Venice in 1653, to pass on to posterity the sufferings of the Polish Jews during the Cossack pogroms of 1648 (see below). Jewish learning was by no means confined to a narrow upper stratum. From the sixteenth century onwards, Jews were obliged to send their sons between the ages of four and eight to the qahal school. There they studied Hebrew, read the Bible, learned the four basic arithmetical operations and were introduced to them principles of morality.
Szybuscz is an old town and has been inhabited by Jews since the beginning of the migration; in the year 1648, when destruction came upon the town, the great synagogue was burned down and everyone in the town was murdered. Prince Potozky had had it rebuilt and had brought back the Jews and freed them from taxes, duties, and other East European Jewry as a 'Cultural Pattern of Life' in Eastern Europe 41 obligations for twelve years for the maintenance of the lord's household. Thenceforth every Jewish householder paid him an annual sum of one thaler for his house and half a thaler for each chimney.
A History of East European Jews by Heiko Haumann