By Robert Wilson
Contiuous casting of non-ferrous metals has been practiced for good over a hundred years. the method has many merits over static ingot and ebook mildew casting, an important being greater yield, diminished strength intake and relief in manpower, with a consequent aid in rate. This e-book presents an account of the way non-stop casting has constructed and the way the method can be utilized inside of an engineering setting for casting a variety of copper-based alloys and necessary metals, together with gold and silver, and chosen nickel alloys.
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Extra resources for A practical approach to continuous casting of copper-based alloys and precious metals
WILSON: Assigned to Timex Patents on Probe Die Cooling, US 4,298,516 1981, UK 203,421B 1982. High-Speed Cooler for small-diameter rod, developed by Rautomead International, Dundee. ' Three-dimensional models, simulating various operating conditions, are now being adopted by a number of equipment manufacturers to study die and cooler design on the basis of the finite element method. However, this section will deal only with practical aspects of the subject. 1 indicates that the metal-mould heat transfer can be roughly divided into three sections.
17 is cylindrical with integral metal tube water coolers positioned peripherally around the central bore. 16. Both dies can be operated in the horizontal or vertical mode. The jacket-cooled die is used extensively for casting hollow billet to any particular size, the billet dimension being dictated by the furnace capacity and product requirement. 14. The principle is the same for any tube or hollow section casting. 16, would be used. In most cases it is desirable to cast heavy section tube in the horizontal mode although vertical casting has the advantage of solidification isotherm symmetry; withdrawal of a massive billet vertically requires complex engineering to ensure adequate control.
5. This consists of a graphite die insert assembled into a triple-walled copper cooler jacket. 1 Withdrawal sequence. 10 mm proprietary microprocess control systems are discussed under individual casting equipment suppliers in Chapter 3. hot end and exits via the central bore. The die 'hot end' is insulated up to the shoulder with alumina silicate or zirconia designed to reduce the cooling of the die 'hot face'. 1, is common to most continuous casting systems and enables a wide range of parameter adjustments to be made.
A practical approach to continuous casting of copper-based alloys and precious metals by Robert Wilson