By Charles Baldwin, Holger Evele, Renee Pershinsky
Advances in Porcelain tooth know-how: Ceramic Transactions quantity 211 offers a compilation of PEI Technical discussion board complaints overlaying the most recent clinical and technological development in porcelain tooth expertise. Logically prepared, conscientiously chosen articles conceal subject matters starting from potency and Dense section Pumping of Porcelain tooth Powder to electronic Ceramic Printing and uncooked fabrics and effort: Their impact on Enamels marketplace. Advances in Porcelain tooth know-how: Ceramic Transactions quantity 211 is the one-stop source for realizing an important concerns in porcelain tooth know-how.
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O. Smith Water Products - Johnson City Plant A discussion on the benefits of an enamel distribution system that uses bulk storage tanks and a piping system to deliver enamel slip to each spray booth instead of individual pressure pots. 60 Gallon Pressure Pots Numerous pots requiring numerous repairs and often working in an inconsistent manner. Centralized bulk handling system on one line. 33 Bulk Enamel Distribution System Company Profile - Manufacture Residential & light Commercial, Gas & Electric Water Heaters - Sizes from 20 to 119 Gallon Capacity - Located Northeast Tennessee, Foothills of the Appalachian Mountains - Approaching 6 million man-hours without a lost-time injury • Tank Plant - Fabricates internal welded, glass-lined tank - 2 Enamel Depts.
In summary, two methods to use porcelain enamel to increase energy efficiency have been reviewed. First, infrared-reflective pigments can be added to enamels to reflect heat away from the enameled ware. Second, water-cleaning AquaRealEase® enamel creates the opportunity to eliminate the energy-intensive pyrolytic self-clean cycle from household ovens. R. H. Geiger, Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing (TMS: Warrendale, PA, 1994), 370. 2 Charles Baldwin, "Heat-Reflecting Enamel for New Ovens," Proceedings of the Porcelain Enamel Technical Forum 62, 2000.
What is porcelain enamel reclaim? The process of recycling enamel slip or powder from coating operations to beneficially apply to surfaces. What are the benefits? $ Reduce Coating Material Cost $ Less Solid Waste Disposal Cost $ Reduced Water Treatment Cost $ Less Energy & Labor to Prepare the Coating What are the disadvantages? $ Requires More Labor and Energy $ Additional Equipment is Needed $ The Plant Environment Must Be Controlled $ An Additional Coating Process is Needed $ Rejects May Increase, Resulting in Increased Cost, Scrap and Reduced Production Reclaim Process Processes Mill Slip: Reclaim Pit Wash Down Pre Mill Slip: Less Wash Down Screen + Magnetic Separate Pump to Storage Wash Down Tanks, Mills Floor, Screens and Lab: Pit Spray 30-60% Transfer Efficiency: Reclaim 85% Flow Coat Wet or Dip 90-100% Transfer Efficiency: Reclaim 95% Powder Frit Coat 40% Transfer Efficiency Reclaim 95% Brush, Bead and Drain, Blow-Off: Reclaim 41 Porcelain Enamel Reclaim Technology Review Tool Washer: Reclaim Wet Powder Hanger Cleaner: Reclaim Dry or Wet Dust Collector: Reclaim Wet Spray Washer: Pit/Water Treatment Wash Down: Pit Collection Baffles Drop 85-90% of Overspray 42 ■ Advances in Porcelain Enamel Technology Porcelain Enamel Reclaim Technology Review Overspray Reclaim Wet Process Collection: Dust Collector: 10-15% to Collector Tool Washer: Centrifugal Separate and Settle Powder Hanger Cleaner: Pump to Booth Screen or Collect and Mix with Wet Enamel DUST COLLECTOR RECLAIM Advances in Porcelain Enamel Technology · 43 Porcelain Enamel Reclaim Technology Review Hanger Cleaner Reclaim Process Pit Collection Mill Room or Process Area: Frit Settles Mechanical Agitate Air Agitate with Compressed Air or Blower Reclaim Applications Booth Over Sprays: Reuse on High Appearance Surfaces Dust Collection Materials: Mix with Wet Ground Coat Backside of Parts Tool Cleaner Materials: Wet Ground Coat on Small Parts Pit Materials: Backside Tubs Water Tank Small Low Appearance Parts Conclusions ♦ With raw materials and energy cost, a successful reclaim process must be established and maintained.
Advances in Porcelain Enamel Technology by Charles Baldwin, Holger Evele, Renee Pershinsky