By Mark Hendrickson
As soon as considered as a unique period characterised via severe bigotry, nostalgia for less complicated occasions, and a revulsion opposed to energetic executive, the Twenties were rediscovered via historians in fresh many years as a time while Herbert Hoover and his allies labored to noticeably reform fiscal coverage. In American exertions and monetary Citizenship, Mark Hendrickson either augments and amends this view via learning the origins and improvement of latest period coverage services and data. Policy-oriented social scientists in govt, exchange union, educational, and nonprofit organisations confirmed how tools for reaching good financial progress via elevated productiveness might either defang the scary enterprise cycle and defuse the trend of adversarial type kin that Gilded Age depressions had helped to set as an American process of commercial family. associated through rising associations corresponding to the Social technological know-how examine Council, the nationwide city League, and the Women's Bureau, social investigators attacked rampant sexual and racial discrimination, frequently justified through improper organic arguments, that denied woman and minority employees complete financial citizenship within the place of work and the polity. those students validated that those practices not just constrained productiveness and undercut multiplied intake, but additionally belied the claims for equity that needs to buttress coverage visions in a democracy.
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Additional resources for American Labor and Economic Citizenship: New Capitalism from World War I to the Great Depression
Continued efforts to make sense of the movement of wages led to yet another jarring discovery: namely, that since World War I, the real wages of workers had risen by some estimates as much as 30 percent. Chapter 2 considers the efforts of economists in and out of government to better understand the history of real wage movement and its significance. James J. Davis, “The Saving and Earning Wage,” File 167/830 Wages, Box 183, Entry 1, RG 174 General Records of the Department of Labor, NA. 49 Introduction 31 Chapter 3 examines how, during the New Era, unions struggled to justify their own existence.
29 Jacobs, Pocketbook Politics, 53–92. 30 Mary van Kleeck to John Glenn, January 1, 1929, Folder 1591 File, Study Correspondence, Box 103, Mary van Kleeck Papers, Smith College. 14 American Labor and Economic Citizenship securing workers a fair share of productivity gains or negotiating the rocky terrain of corporate governance, the need to satisfy investors concerned with nothing but the bottom line threatened the much-anticipated harmony of interests between employers and employees. As New Era economic governance ideas took shape, they left unresolved the best means of guaranteeing either fair labor relations or the consumer purchasing power necessary to maintain such a system.
As the Great Migration continued after the war, Mexican immigrant and Mexican American workers increasingly joined black workers in agriculture and industry. When the debate over immigration from Europe picked up following World War I, policy makers concerned with the racial violence that boiled over in the nation’s major cities struggled to balance the interests of those who wanted to use immigration policy to maintain 34 American Labor and Economic Citizenship some form of racial purity, thus excluding Mexicans from lawful entry, with agricultural interests who claimed that they could not survive without Mexican laborers.
American Labor and Economic Citizenship: New Capitalism from World War I to the Great Depression by Mark Hendrickson